How leather is made

Studioart follows both the tanning and finishing process in its own tannery: This hands-on approach is key in providing high standards of quality, leadtime and service. Unlike most players in the market, Studiart has a full integrated production process from raw material till finished product: Every hide is preserved , tanned and finished in our premises. 

The production process of leather is made of several steps. Hides arrive at the tannery fully salted to prevent decomposition. Leather is stocked and preserved in our warehouse where it is inspected by our team. The first process is to remove the salt with a spinning process. As salt cause dehydration, the hides are then loaded in drum with water to remove extra salt and any micro-organisms. This process called soaking cleans the leather and prepares it to the hair removal procedure called liming. The leather is treated with a chemical composition that gently remove the hair from the derma. The flesh side is then cleaned from any grease or leftover (fleshing ) and is now ready for the splitting process. Splitting is a mechanical process that divides the hide in two separate section: the grain which is the more valuable upper side of the skin and suede (also called split ) which is the underside of the hide and is smaller in size.

The hides are now ready for the tanning process which stabilizes the hide by loading them in a drum with chromium sulphate and mineral salt. After this process all the hides are all wet and blue and therefore are called wet blue. In order to remove the excess water from the hide the leather is dried with pressure (pressing) and is then shaved (shaving) to reach a uniform and desired thickness all over the skin. Now our quality inspectors look at every single hide (sorting) to decide is the leather is suitable and meets required quality standards. This procedure is key to prevent quality problems before the leather is dyed and finished.

 
 
 

Hides are now dyed in drums with water and dyes and re-tanning processes to reach the required color and feel.  The leather need to be dried again either by a vacuum process or by hair drying: the leather is hung into a chain and dries with room temperature.The leather is now ready to be finished. The finishing process helps to reach the final color, finish, resistance, touch. Our leather is then smoothened and soften with stackering ( mechanical beating ) by dry milling or by ironing.

At this stage a final quality inspection is perfomed on every hide to make sure they meet the required quality standards. Every hide is now measured and rolled into long tubes to prevent creases. All skins are bar-coded ( information on quality / hide size are included ) and loaded into our system to be available for our sales team.